Characterization and prediction of adverse events from intensive chronic heart failure management and effect on quality of life: results from the pro-B-type natriuretic peptide outpatient-tailored chronic heart failure therapy (PROTECT) study.
BACKGROUND: Serious adverse events (SAEs) from heart failure (HF) therapy are frequent; however, techniques to identify at-risk patients are inadequate. Furthermore, the relationship between SAEs, quality of life (QOL), and cardiac structure are unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: 151 symptomatic patients with systolic HF were followed for a mean of 10 months. In this post hoc analysis, treatment-related SAEs included acute renal failure, dizziness, hypo/hyperkalemia, hypotension, and syncope. At 1 year, 21 treatment-related SAEs occurred. No difference in SAEs existed between the N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP)-guided arm and the standard of care arm (P = .20). At baseline, patients who suffered SAEs were less likely to be receiving beta-blockers (85.7% vs 97.7%; P = .009) and had worse functional class and lower chloride levels. Patients who experienced SAEs had less improvement in their Minnesota Living With Heart Failure Questionnaire scores and had a trend toward reduced echocardiographic reverse remodeling over the follow-up period. Univariable and multivariable analyses were conducted to develop a risk score for SAE prediction; patients in the highest risk quartile had the shortest time to first cardiovascular event (P = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: NT-proBNP-guided HF care is safe. Experiencing treatment-related SAEs is associated with worse QOL and potentially reduced reverse remodeling. A risk score to prospectively predict SAEs in aggressive HF management was developed.
Gandhi, PU; Szymonifka, J; Motiwala, SR; Belcher, AM; Januzzi, JL; Gaggin, HK
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