Impact of statin use on exercise-induced cardiac troponin elevations.
Marathon running commonly causes a transient elevation of creatine kinase and cardiac troponin I (cTnI). The use of statins before marathon running exacerbates the release of creatine kinase from skeletal muscle, but the effect of statin use on exercise-induced cTnI release is unknown. We therefore measured cTnI concentrations in statin-using (n = 30) and nonstatin-using (n = 41) runners who participated in the 2011 Boston Marathon. All runners provided venous blood samples the day before, within an hour of finishing, and 24 hours after the marathon. cTnI was assessed at each time point via both a contemporary cTnI and high-sensitivity cTnI (hsTnI) assay. Before the marathon, cTnI was detectable in 99% of runners with the use of the hsTnI assay. All participants completed the marathon (finish time: 4:04:09 ± 0:41:10), and none had symptoms of an acute coronary syndrome. cTnI increased in all runners (p <0.001) immediately after the marathon, and half (hsTnI = 54% vs contemporary cTnI = 47%) exceeded the diagnostic cut-point for an acute myocardial infarction. Statin use did not affect the magnitude of cTnI release (group*time p = 0.47) or the incidence of runners with cTnI elevation greater than the diagnostic cut-point for myocardial infarction (57% vs 51%, p = 0.65). In addition, there was no significant association between statin potency and cTnI release (r = 0.09, p = 0.65). In conclusion, marathon-induced cTnI increases are not altered by statin use.
Eijsvogels, TMH; Januzzi, JL; Taylor, BA; Isaacs, SK; D'Hemecourt, P; Zaleski, A; Dyer, S; Troyanos, C; Weiner, RB; Thompson, PD; Baggish, AL
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