Prognostic and diagnostic value of plasma soluble suppression of tumorigenicity-2 concentrations in acute respiratory distress syndrome.
OBJECTIVES: Soluble suppression of tumorigenicity-2 is a biomarker of myocardial strain and inflammation. The characteristics of acute respiratory distress syndrome include inflammation and cardiovascular dysfunction. We sought to determine whether plasma soluble suppression of tumorigenicity-2 concentration is associated with outcome and response to conservative fluid management and whether soluble suppression of tumorigenicity-2 concentration discriminates acute respiratory distress syndrome from decompensated heart failure. DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of the Fluid and Catheter Treatment Trial, a multi-center randomized controlled trial of conservative fluid management in the acute respiratory distress syndrome, as well as of a cohort of patients with decompensated heart failure. SETTING: Twenty acute care hospitals. PATIENTS: Eight hundred twenty-six patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome and 209 patients with acutely decompensated heart failure. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Nonsurvivors had higher day 0 (p < 0.0001) and day 3 (p < 0.0001) soluble suppression of tumorigenicity-2 concentrations. After adjustment for severity of illness, higher soluble suppression of tumorigenicity-2 concentration was associated with mortality, with odds ratioadj 1.47 (95% CI, 0.99-2.20; p = 0.06) at day 0, 2.94 (95% CI, 2.00-4.33; p < 0.0001) at day 3, and 3.63 (95% CI, 2.38-5.53; p < 0.0001) if soluble suppression of tumorigenicity-2 increased between days. Cumulative fluid balance was more positive among patients with higher day 0 (median, 5,212 mL [interquartile range, 200-12,284 mL] vs median, 2,020 mL [interquartile range, -2,034 to 7,091 mL]; p < 0.0001) and day 3 soluble suppression of tumorigenicity-2 (median, 7,678 mL [interquartile range, 2,217-14,278 mL] vs median, 1,492 mL [interquartile range, -2,384 to 6,239 mL]; p < 0.0001). Soluble suppression of tumorigenicity-2 showed excellent discriminative ability between the Fluid and Catheter Treatment Trial and heart failure populations (area under receiver-operating characteristic curve = 0.98; p < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: Higher soluble suppression of tumorigenicity-2 concentrations are associated with worse outcome in acute respiratory distress syndrome and may have value for discriminating acute respiratory distress syndrome from heart failure.
Bajwa, EK; Volk, JA; Christiani, DC; Harris, RS; Matthay, MA; Thompson, BT; Januzzi, JL; National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Network,
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