Unbiased plasma proteomics for novel diagnostic biomarkers in cardiovascular disease: identification of quiescin Q6 as a candidate biomarker of acutely decompensated heart failure.
AIMS: Biochemical marker testing has improved the evaluation and management of patients with cardiovascular diseases over the past decade. Natriuretic peptides (NPs), used in clinical practice to assess cardiac dysfunction, exhibit many limitations, however. We used an unbiased proteomics approach for the discovery of novel diagnostic plasma biomarkers of heart failure (HF). METHODS AND RESULTS: A proteomics pipeline adapted for very low-abundant plasma proteins was applied to clinical samples from patients admitted with acute decompensated HF (ADHF). Quiescin Q6 (QSOX1), a protein involved in the formation of disulfide bridges, emerged as the best performing marker for ADHF (with an area under the receiver operator characteristic curve of 0.86, 95% confidence interval: 0.79-0.92), and novel isoforms of NPs were also identified. Diagnostic performance of QSOX1 for ADHF was confirmed in 267 prospectively collected subjects of whom 76 had ADHF. Combining QSOX1 to B-type NP (BNP) significantly improved diagnostic accuracy for ADHF by particularly improving specificity. Using thoracic aortic constriction in rats, QSOX1 was specifically induced within both left atria and ventricles at the time of HF onset. CONCLUSION: The novel biomarker QSOX1 accurately identifies ADHF, particularly when combined with BNP. Through both clinical and experimental studies we provide lines of evidence for a link between ADHF and cardiovascular production of QSOX1.
Mebazaa, A; Vanpoucke, G; Thomas, G; Verleysen, K; Cohen-Solal, A; Vanderheyden, M; Bartunek, J; Mueller, C; Launay, J-M; Van Landuyt, N; D'Hondt, F; Verschuere, E; Vanhaute, C; Tuytten, R; Vanneste, L; De Cremer, K; Wuyts, J; Davies, H; Moerman, P; Logeart, D; Collet, C; Lortat-Jacob, B; Tavares, M; Laroy, W; Januzzi, JL; Samuel, J-L; Kas, K
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