Hemoglobin and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide: Independent and synergistic predictors of mortality in patients with acute heart failure Results from the International Collaborative of NT-proBNP (ICON) Study.
BACKGROUND: Hemoglobin and amino-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) are both independent predictors of mortality in patients with chronic HF. Their combined predictive power for mortality in the setting of acute HF is uncertain. METHODS: In an international prospective cohort design, we evaluated the relationships between hemoglobin, NT-proBNP, and 60-day mortality in 690 patients with acute HF. RESULTS: The median hemoglobin for the entire cohort was 13.0 g/dL (interquartile range 11.6-14.3). The WHO criterion for anemia was met by 44% (n=305). The 60-day mortality rate for anemic patients was 16.4% vs. 8.8% in non-anemic patients (p<0.001). Anemia was an independent predictor of short-term mortality (OR=1.72, 95% CI=1.05-2.80, p=0.03), as was a NT-proBNP concentration >5180 pg/mL (OR=2.32, 95% CI=1.36-3.94 p=0.002). Consideration of four risk groups: not anemic/low NT-proBNP (reference group, n=220), anemic/low NT-proBNP (n=152), not anemic/high NT-proBNP (n=165), and anemic/high NT-proBNP (n=153) revealed respective 60-day mortality rates of 5.0% (referent), 9.2% (OR=1.93, 95% CI=0.85-4.36; p=0.12), 13.9% (OR=3.07, 95% CI=1.45-6.50, p=0.003), and 23.5% (OR=5.84, 95% CI=2.87-11.89, p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Anemia was common in this cohort of subjects with acute HF and was related to adverse short-term outcome. Integrated use of hemoglobin and NT-proBNP measurements provides powerful additive information and is superior to the use of either in isolation.
Baggish, AL; van Kimmenade, R; Bayes-Genis, A; Davis, M; Lainchbury, JG; Frampton, C; Pinto, Y; Richards, MA; Januzzi, JL
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