Usefulness of natriuretic peptide testing for long-term risk assessment following acute ischemic stroke.

Journal Article

Acute-phase levels of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and the N-terminal fragment of the BNP prohormone (NT-pro-BNP) have been associated with mortality when measured in patients with an acute ischemic stroke; however, data regarding the longer-term value of NT-pro-BNP for long-term prognostication after ischemic stroke are limited. Two hundred sixteen patients (mean age 67 +/- 13 years) with acute ischemic stroke were seen 6 months after index admission at which time a structured evaluation including measurement of plasma NT-pro-BNP was performed. Patients were followed for 45 months, with all-cause mortality as the clinical end point. Median NT-pro-BNP concentration for the entire group was 147 pg/ml (10th to 90th percentiles 37 to 869). At follow-up 45 patients (21%) had died. NT-pro-BNP concentrations were significantly higher in decedents (308 pg/ml, 10th to 90th percentiles 74 to 2,279) than in the 171 survivors (132 pg/ml, 10th to 90th percentiles 35 to 570, p <0.001). Patients with NT-pro-BNP < or =147 pg/ml had a significantly improved survival rate on univariate analysis (p <0.001). In multivariate analysis after adjustment for age, stroke severity, heart and renal failures, levels of NT-pro-BNP were an independent predictor of mortality >6 months after stroke (adjusted hazard ratio 1.5, 95% confidence interval 1.1 to 1.9, p = 0.005). In conclusion, NT-pro-BNP concentrations measured during the stable phase after acute ischemic stroke are strongly predictive of long-term mortality.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Jensen, JK; Atar, D; Kristensen, SR; Mickley, H; Januzzi, JL

Published Date

  • July 2009

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 104 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 287 - 291

PubMed ID

  • 19576362

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1879-1913

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0002-9149

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.amjcard.2009.03.029

Language

  • eng