Galectin-3, cardiac structure and function, and long-term mortality in patients with acutely decompensated heart failure.
AIMS: To determine the relationship between galectin-3 concentrations and cardiac structure in patients with acute dyspnoea, and to evaluate the impact of galectin-3 independent of echocardiographic measurements on long-term mortality. METHODS AND RESULTS: One hundred and fifteen patients presenting to the emergency department with acute dyspnoea who had galectin-3 levels and detailed echocardiographic studies on admission were studied. Galectin-3 levels were associated with older age (r = 0.26, P = 0.006), lower creatinine clearance (r = -0.42, P < 0.001), and higher levels of N-terminal-proBNP (r = 0.39, P < 0.001). Higher galectin-3 levels were associated with tissue Doppler E/E(a) ratio (r = 0.35, P = 0.01), a lower right ventricular (RV) fractional area change (r = -0.19, P = 0.05), higher RV systolic pressure (r = 0.37, P < 0.001), and more severe mitral (r = 0.30, P = 0.001) or tricuspid regurgitation (r = 0.26, P = 0.005). In patients diagnosed with heart failure (HF), the association between galectin-3 and valvular regurgitation and RV systolic pressure persisted. In a multivariate Cox regression model, galectin-3 remained a significant predictor of 4-year mortality independent of echocardiographic markers of risk. Dyspnoeic patients with HF and galectin-3 levels above the median value had a 63% mortality; patients less than the median value had a 37% mortality (P = 0.003). CONCLUSION: Among dyspnoeic patients with and without ADHF, galectin-3 concentrations are associated with echocardiographic markers of ventricular function. In patients with ADHF, a single admission galectin-3 level predicts mortality to 4 years, independent of echocardiographic markers of disease severity.
Shah, RV; Chen-Tournoux, AA; Picard, MH; van Kimmenade, RRJ; Januzzi, JL
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
Pubmed Central ID
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)