Independent and incremental prognostic value of multimarker testing in acute dyspnea: results from the ProBNP Investigation of Dyspnea in the Emergency Department (PRIDE) study.
BACKGROUND: Acute dyspnea is common in the emergency department (ED) and is associated with mortality. Biomarkers may help stratify risk in this setting. METHODS: Among 577 dyspneic subjects we identified 5 candidate biomarkers with prognostic value: amino terminal B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), C-reactive protein (CRP), the interleukin family member ST2, hemoglobin and blood urea nitrogen (BUN); these were assessed using both receiver operating characteristic curve and Cox proportional hazards analyses. Results were validated in a population of dyspneic patients from a distinct cohort. RESULTS: At 1 y follow up, 93 (16.1%) patients had died. Independent predictive ability was established in an age-adjusted Cox model containing all markers: NT-proBNP (HR=1.89); CRP (HR=1.95); ST2 (HR=7.17); hemoglobin (HR=1.68); BUN (HR=2.06) (all P<.05). Following categorical assessment based on number of abnormal markers, the 1-y risk of death increased in a monotonic fashion with mortality rates of 0%, 2.0%, 7.8%, 22.3%, 29.3%, and 57.6% respectively; similar results were seen in the validation set. CONCLUSION: Simultaneous assessment of pathophysiologically diverse markers in acute dyspnea provides powerful, independent and incremental prognostic information.
Rehman, SU; Martinez-Rumayor, A; Mueller, T; Januzzi, JL
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
Pubmed Central ID
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)