Importance of ST-segment depression as a determinant of ventricular premature complex frequency after thrombolysis for acute myocardial infarction. Tissue Plasminogen Activator: Toronto (TPAT) Study Group.
Ventricular premature complexes (VPCs) after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) remain important determinants of survival in the post-thrombolytic era. The role of thrombolysis, left ventricular function, and Holter ST-segment depression in modulating VPC frequency is unclear. In a placebo-controlled, randomized study of tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) in 103 patients with AMI (Tissue Plasminogen Activator: Toronto study), VPC frequency and ST depression on Holter monitoring (day 7), ejection fraction by radionuclide scan (day 9), and infarct artery patency and cross-sectional area on day 1 (n = 42) were assessed. After administering t-PA, VPC frequency was 10 +/- 58/hour (mean +/- SD), similar to that after placebo (23.5 +/- 91.7, p = NS). However, patients with ST depression had greater VPC frequency (56 +/- 140/hour) than those without it (1.3 +/- 2.6/hour, p = 0.05). Ejection fraction was negatively correlated with VPC frequency (r = -0.33, p < 0.001). By multivariate analysis, ejection fraction (F = 7.0, p < 0.01) and ST depression (F = 5.8, p < 0.02) were the only independent predictors of VPC frequency. In this placebo-controlled study, VPC frequency after AMI was not related to thrombolytic administration but was associated with ST depression and ejection fraction. This suggests that the underlying extent of both infarcted and ischemic myocardium is important in modulating ventricular arrhythmias after AMI.
Dorian, P; Langer, A; Morgan, C; Casella, L; Harris, L; Armstrong, P
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