How many patients with heart failure are eligible for cardiac resynchronization? Insights from two prospective cohorts.

Journal Article

AIMS: To determine what proportion of patients with heart failure are eligible for cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). METHODS AND RESULTS: Eligibility criteria from the trials establishing the efficacy of CRT were applied to two prospective cohorts: the first enrolled patients with newly diagnosed heart failure discharged from 103 hospitals between April 1999 and March 2001 ('the hospital discharge cohort'); the second enrolled patients seen in a specialized clinic between August 2003 and January 2004 ('the specialty clinic cohort'). In the hospital discharge cohort, 73 patients (3% of the 2640 patients with ischaemic or dilated cardiomyopathy and 1% of all 9096 patients with heart failure discharged alive) met trial eligibility criteria: LVEF< or =0.35, QRS > or =120 ms, sinus rhythm, and NYHA class III or IV symptoms despite the treatment with ACE-inhibitor/angiotensin receptor blocker and beta-blocker. In the specialty clinic cohort, 54 patients (21% of the 263 patients with ischaemic or dilated cardiomyopathy and 17% of all 309 patients with heart failure) met these criteria. If persistent symptoms despite taking spironolactone were required for CRT eligibility, then the proportions qualifying dropped to 1% in the hospital discharge cohort and 18% in the specialty clinic cohort. CONCLUSION: Few heart failure patients meet trial eligibility criteria for CRT.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • McAlister, FA; Tu, JV; Newman, A; Lee, DS; Kimber, S; Cujec, B; Armstrong, PW

Published Date

  • February 2006

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 27 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 323 - 329

PubMed ID

  • 16105850

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1522-9645

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0195-668X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1093/eurheartj/ehi446

Language

  • eng