A Canadian context for the Acute Study of Clinical Effectiveness of Nesiritide and Decompensated Heart Failure (ASCEND-HF) trial.

Journal Article (Clinical Trial;Journal Article;Multicenter Study)

Congestive heart failure comprises a major public health problem destined to grow enormously over the next decade. Paradoxically, and in contrast to acute coronary disease, acute heart failure has been relatively understudied. Current standards of care involve the use of intravenous diuretics and vasodilators; inotropic agents have been restricted to in-hospital use because of concern about their potential harmful effects. The emergence of recombinant human B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) provides an interesting therapeutic alternative because of its capacity to promote vasodilation as well as increase salt and water excretion, and improve pulmonary congestion by reducing left ventricular filling pressure. This agent will be explored in the Acute Study of Clinical Effectiveness of Nesiritide and Decompensated Heart Failure (ASCEND-HF), the largest ever trial conducted in acute decompensated heart failure. Patients will be studied through day 30 with end points of all-cause mortality in rehospitalization as the primary composite outcome. A variety of mechanistic substudies are planned as well as an assessment of the health care economic implications of acute heart failure and the pathophysiological elements hypothesized to modulate the expected treatment effect examined. The trial is embedded in an academic research organization motif and promises to provide a significant contribution to the body of knowledge in acute heart failure and the care of patients so afflicted.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Armstrong, PW; Rouleau, J-L

Published Date

  • July 2008

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 24 Suppl B / Suppl B

Start / End Page

  • 30B - 32B

PubMed ID

  • 18629387

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC2794443

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1916-7075

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/s0828-282x(08)71028-6


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England