Reduced thiols and the effect of intravenous nitroglycerin on platelet aggregation.

Journal Article

Nitroglycerin inhibits platelet aggregation in vitro and this effect may be important in its overall mechanism of action. In addition, its use has been associated with prolonged bleeding times and hemorrhagic complications. Despite these experimental and clinical observations, no significant antiplatelet effect of nitroglycerin has been observed ex vivo during intravenous nitroglycerin administration to patients. Because the in vitro antiplatelet effects of nitroglycerin have been shown by one of the investigators participating in this study to depend on the presence of sufficient stores of reduced intracellular thiol--which are readily depleted ex vivo by nitroglycerin in the formation of S-nitrosothiols--an attempt was made to unmask nitroglycerin-mediated inhibition of platelet aggregation by exposing platelets taken from patients treated with nitroglycerin to the reduced thiol N-acetylcysteine ex vivo. The obtained data demonstrate that platelets taken from patients treated with intravenous nitroglycerin manifest attenuated aggregation responses ex vivo when thiol stores are repleted. It is therefore proposed that the mechanism of action of nitroglycerin is mediated in part by its antiplatelet effect and that this effect depends on the adequacy of reduced intracellular thiol stores.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Stamler, J; Cunningham, M; Loscalzo, J

Published Date

  • September 1988

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 62 / 7

Start / End Page

  • 377 - 380

PubMed ID

  • 3137795

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1879-1913

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0002-9149

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/0002-9149(88)90962-9

Language

  • eng