Necrotizing enterocolitis and the use of loop diuretics in very low birth weight neonates.
BACKGROUND: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a gastrointestinal disease of premature, very low birth weight neonates resulting in sepsis and death. Loop diuretics are widely used in neonates as a treatment for pulmonary fluid retention. An association between diuretic use and NEC has not been explored. METHODS: The medical records of all neonates admitted to Duke Children's Hospital between 2007 and 2012 with a birth weight ≤1,500 grams were reviewed. RESULTS: Using multivariable logistic regression analysis, we found that loop diuretic administration was not a risk factor for the development of NEC. On subanalysis, 75% of medical NEC infants had prior exposure to loop diuretics, compared with 100% of surgical NEC infants (P = .004). CONCLUSIONS: Loop diuretics do not increase the risk of development of NEC in very low birth weight neonates. However, on diagnosis of NEC, administration of loop diuretics may be associated with the progression of NEC severity from medical NEC to surgical NEC.
Cole, MA; DeRienzo, C; Kutchibhatla, M; Cotten, CM; Adibe, OO
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