Keratin 12 missense mutation induces the unfolded protein response and apoptosis in Meesmann epithelial corneal dystrophy.

Published

Journal Article

Meesmann epithelial corneal dystrophy (MECD) is a rare autosomal dominant disorder caused by dominant-negative mutations within the KRT3 or KRT12 genes, which encode the cytoskeletal protein keratins K3 and K12, respectively. To investigate the pathomechanism of this disease, we generated and phenotypically characterized a novel knock-in humanized mouse model carrying the severe, MECD-associated, K12-Leu132Pro mutation. Although no overt changes in corneal opacity were detected by slit-lamp examination, the corneas of homozygous mutant mice exhibited histological and ultrastructural epithelial cell fragility phenotypes. An altered keratin expression profile was observed in the cornea of mutant mice, confirmed by western blot, RNA-seq and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Mass spectrometry (MS) and immunohistochemistry demonstrated a similarly altered keratin profile in corneal tissue from a K12-Leu132Pro MECD patient. The K12-Leu132Pro mutation results in cytoplasmic keratin aggregates. RNA-seq analysis revealed increased chaperone gene expression, and apoptotic unfolded protein response (UPR) markers, CHOP and Caspase 12, were also increased in the MECD mice. Corneal epithelial cell apoptosis was increased 17-fold in the mutant cornea, compared with the wild-type (P < 0.001). This elevation of UPR marker expression was also observed in the human MECD cornea. This is the first reporting of a mouse model for MECD that recapitulates the human disease and is a valuable resource in understanding the pathomechanism of the disease. Although the most severe phenotype is observed in the homozygous mice, this model will still provide a test-bed for therapies not only for corneal dystrophies but also for other keratinopathies caused by similar mutations.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Allen, EHA; Courtney, DG; Atkinson, SD; Moore, JE; Mairs, L; Poulsen, ET; Schiroli, D; Maurizi, E; Cole, C; Hickerson, RP; James, J; Murgatroyd, H; Smith, FJD; MacEwen, C; Enghild, JJ; Nesbit, MA; Leslie Pedrioli, DM; McLean, WHI; Moore, CBT

Published Date

  • March 2016

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 25 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 1176 - 1191

PubMed ID

  • 26758872

Pubmed Central ID

  • 26758872

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1460-2083

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0964-6906

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1093/hmg/ddw001

Language

  • eng