Energy Dependence of Fission Product Yields from 235 U, 238 U and 239 Pu for Incident Neutron Energies Between 0.5 and 14.8 MeV


Journal Article

© 2015 Elsevier Inc. Fission Product Yields (FPY) have historically been one of the most observable features of the fission process. They are known to have strong variations that are dependent on the fissioning species, the excitation energy, and the angular momentum of the compound system. However, consistent and systematic studies of the variation of these FPY with energy have proved challenging. This is caused primarily by the nature of the experiments that have traditionally relied on radiochemical procedures to isolate specific fission products. Although radiochemical procedures exist that can isolate all products, each element presents specific challenges and introduces varying degrees of systematic errors that can make inter-comparison of FPY uncertain. Although of high importance in fields such as nuclear forensics and Stockpile Stewardship, accurate information about the energy dependence of neutron induced FPY are sparse, due primarily to the lack of suitable monoenergetic neutron sources. There is a clear need for improved data, and to address this issue, a collaboration was formed between Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) and the Triangle Universities Nuclear Laboratory (TUNL) to measure the energy dependence of FPY for 235U, 238U and 239Pu. The measurements have been performed at TUNL, using a 10 MV Tandem Van de Graaff accelerator to produce monoenergetic neutrons at energies between 0.6 MeV to 14.8 MeV through a variety of reactions. The measurements have utilized a dual-fission chamber, with thin (10-100 μg/cm2) reference foils of similar material to a thick (100-400 mg) activation target held in the center between the chambers. This method allows for the accurate determination of the number of fissions that occurred in the thick target without requiring knowledge of the fission cross section or neutron fluence on target. Following activation, the thick target was removed from the dual-fission chamber and gamma-ray counted using shielded HPGe detectors for a period of 1-2 months to determine the yield of various fission products. To the extent possible all irradiation and counting procedures were kept the same to minimize sources of systematic errors. FPY have been determined at incident neutron energies of 0.6, 1.4, 2.4, 3.5, 4.6, 5.5, 8.9 and 14.8 MeV.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Gooden, ME; Arnold, CW; Becker, JA; Bhatia, C; Bhike, M; Bond, EM; Bredeweg, TA; Fallin, B; Fowler, MM; Howell, CR; Kelley, JH; Krishichayan, ; Macri, R; Rusev, G; Ryan, C; Sheets, SA; Stoyer, MA; Tonchev, AP; Tornow, W; Vieira, DJ; Wilhelmy, JB

Published Date

  • January 1, 2016

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 131 /

Start / End Page

  • 319 - 356

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0090-3752

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.nds.2015.12.006

Citation Source

  • Scopus