Discharge heart rate and β-blocker dose in patients hospitalized with heart failure: Findings from the OPTIMIZE-HF registry.
BACKGROUND: Elevated heart rate of ≥70 beats/min despite β-blocker use may represent a new treatment target in patients in sinus rhythm with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction. However, little is known about the proportion of patients with elevated heart rate despite β-blocker therapy. METHODS: We analyzed data from a large clinical registry to describe discharge heart rate as a function of β-blocker use and dose. We included patients with left ventricular ejection fraction <40% who were admitted with acute heart failure in 2003 and 2004; we excluded patients with a history of atrial arrhythmia or with a pacemaker or cardiac resynchronization therapy. We considered the β-blockers carvedilol, metoprolol succinate, bisoprolol, atenolol, and metoprolol tartrate and described discharge dose as a percentage of target dose (ie, <25%, 25%-49%, 50%-99%, and ≥100%). RESULTS: Among 10,696 patients, median discharge heart rate was 76 beats/min (interquartile range [IQR] 66-86 beats/min). Of these, 7,826 (73%) were discharged on a β-blocker. For patients not on a β-blocker, median discharge heart rate was 80 beats/min (IQR 70-89 beats/min), compared with 78 beats/min (IQR 69-88 beats/min) on <25% of target dose, 75 beats/min (IQR 66-85 beats/min) on 25% to 49% of target dose, 74 beats/min (IQR 66-82 beats/min) on 50% to 99% of target dose, and 72 beats/min (IQR 65% to 80%) on 100% of target dose or greater (P < .001). Most patients, 7,647 (71%), had a discharge heart rate of ≥70 beats/min, including 1,460 (63%) of 2,301 patients discharged on 50% of target dose or greater. CONCLUSIONS: Despite treatment with β-blockers, a substantial proportion of patients hospitalized with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction have elevated heart rate at discharge.
DeVore, AD; Mi, X; Mentz, RJ; Fonarow, GC; Van Dyke, MK; Maya, JF; Hardy, NC; Hammill, BG; Hernandez, AF
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