Low-flow vascular malformations


Book Section

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014. Congenital vascular malformations (CVM) are a group of unique vascular disorders that can be defined as “diffuse or localized embryologically developed errors of vascular morphogenesis leading to true structural anomalies” The presence of CVM in the general population is estimated to be around 1.5 %, with no known sex predilection. Venous malformations are the most common type of CVM, and they comprise approximately two-thirds of all CVMs. The diagnosis and treatment of CVM can be complex and challenging. Patients with CVM can easily be misdiagnosed and also mismanaged. Consequently, many patients have been discouraged by the lack of correct diagnosis and proper treatment despite numerous visits to different clinics (from primary care physicians to subspecialists). Moreover, patients with CVM have frequently been left untreated, due to the mistaken presumption that these types of lesions can spontaneously regress, while others were considered too high risk to treat. This chapter discusses CVM: classification, multidisciplinary approach diagnosis, and management.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Markovic, JN; Shortell, CK

Published Date

  • January 1, 2014

Book Title

  • Phlebology, Vein Surgery and Ultrasonography: Diagnosis and Management of Venous Disease

Start / End Page

  • 233 - 247

International Standard Book Number 13 (ISBN-13)

  • 9783319018119

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/978-3-319-01812-6_17

Citation Source

  • Scopus