Intraoperative imprint cytology for evaluation of sentinel lymph nodes from Merkel cell carcinoma.


Journal Article

Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a rare, aggressive cutaneous malignancy. Intraoperative imprint cytology (IIC) can potentially avoid second operations for completion lymphadenectomy when nodal metastases are found during nodal staging with sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLN). This represents the first series of IIC for MCC we are aware of and our initial experience. Patients with biopsy-proven MCC underwent SLN (at the time of wide excision) using a double indicator technique with 99technetium sulfur colloid and isosulfan blue. SLN were identified and bisected and touch imprints of each half were made. One half was air-dried and stained with Diff-Quick and the other was fixed with 95 per cent alcohol and stained with hematoxylin and eosin (H&E). Paraffin-embedded sections were examined by H&E. Eighteen patients underwent successful SLN mapping procedures. IIC was negative in 84.2 per cent (16) cases. Three false-negatives occurred with IIC, but there were no false-positives, making the sensitivity 33 per cent and the specificity 100 per cent. Two of four patients with positive pathology-confirmed SLN also had positive IIC. SLN mapping has usefulness in patients with MCC. IIC is feasible and accurate in evaluating the SLN. IIC is a practical diagnostic tool when intraoperative analysis of SLN biopsy is desired for MCC.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Wong, SL; Young, YD; Geisinger, KR; Shen, P; Stewart, JH; Sangueza, O; Pichardo-Geisinger, R; Levine, EA

Published Date

  • July 2009

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 75 / 7

Start / End Page

  • 615 - 619

PubMed ID

  • 19655608

Pubmed Central ID

  • 19655608

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0003-1348


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States