Screening for metabolic and reproductive complications in obese children and adolescents.


Journal Article (Review)

Childhood obesity is associated with a number of metabolic comorbidities. These include glucose intolerance and type 2 diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, fatty liver disease, and reproductive complications, such as polycystic ovary syndrome. The occurrence of these complications in a child or adolescent may result in progressive health decline at an early age. We, therefore, advocate screening and early diagnosis. This purpose of this review is to outline a rational, evidence-based approach to screening obese children and adolescents for metabolic and reproductive complications. In each section, the aim is to provide the primary care provider with a review of the literature supporting current screening practices. As such, this review is designed to assist the primary care provider in the selection and interpretation of screening tests and to make recommendations regarding the referral of patients for subspecialty care.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Irizarry, KA; Brito, V; Freemark, M

Published Date

  • September 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 43 / 9

Start / End Page

  • e210 - e217

PubMed ID

  • 25198445

Pubmed Central ID

  • 25198445

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1938-2359

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.3928/00904481-20140825-07


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States