TGF-β Promotes the Growth of Bovine Chondrocytes in Monolayer Culture and the Formation of Cartilage Tissue on Three-Dimensional Scaffolds


Journal Article

We have investigated the ability of transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) to promote the growth and differentiation of chondrocytes in monolayer and on three-dimensional scaffolds. Treatment of chondrocytes with TGF-β and ascorbate individually stimulated the proliferation of bovine articular chondrocytes about 2-fold when cells were grown in monolayer culture: the combination of TGF-β and ascorbate resulted in a 3-fold increase in cell number over a 72-h period. Peak stimulation with TGF-β occurred at about 1.0 ng/ml: bFGF was slightly inhibitory in these assays. TGF-β led to an increase in glycosaminoglycan synthesis as detected by Western blotting using anti-chondroitin sulfate antibodies. No significant change in collagen type II mRNA or protein was observed. When cells were grown on grown on three-dimensional scaffolds composed of polyglyocolic acid, TGF-β treatment led to an increase in the size of the cartilage-like constructs produced. This was accompanied by increases in collagen and glycosaminoglycan deposition; immunohistochemical staining showed that the predominant collagen was type II. These results indicate that TGF-β is capable of increasing the proliferation rate of chondrocytes in monolayer as well as increasing cartilage production on three-dimensional scaffolds and may find utility in the in vitro engineering of cartilage tissue. © 1995, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. All rights reserved.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Zimber, MP; Tong, B; Dunkelman, N; Pavelec, R; Grande, D; New, L; Purchio, AF

Published Date

  • September 1, 1995

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 1 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 289 - 300

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1076-3279

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1089/ten.1995.1.289

Citation Source

  • Scopus