Biochemical Methods To Investigate lncRNA and the Influence of lncRNA:Protein Complexes on Chromatin.

Journal Article (Review)

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs), defined as nontranslated transcripts greater than 200 nucleotides in length, are often differentially expressed throughout developmental stages, tissue types, and disease states. The identification, visualization, and suppression/overexpression of these sequences have revealed impacts on a wide range of biological processes, including epigenetic regulation. Biochemical investigations on select systems have revealed striking insight into the biological roles of lncRNAs and lncRNA:protein complexes, which in turn prompt even more unanswered questions. To begin, multiple protein- and RNA-centric technologies have been employed to isolate lncRNA:protein and lncRNA:chromatin complexes. LncRNA interactions with the multi-subunit protein complex PRC2, which acts as a transcriptional silencer, represent some of the few cases where the binding affinity, selectivity, and activity of a lncRNA:protein complex have been investigated. At the same time, recent reports of full-length lncRNA secondary structures suggest the formation of complex structures with multiple independent folding domains and pave the way for more detailed structural investigations and predictions of lncRNA three-dimensional structure. This review will provide an overview of the methods and progress made to date as well as highlight new methods that promise to further inform the molecular recognition, specificity, and function of lncRNAs.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • McFadden, EJ; Hargrove, AE

Published Date

  • March 2016

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 55 / 11

Start / End Page

  • 1615 - 1630

PubMed ID

  • 26859437

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1520-4995

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0006-2960

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1021/acs.biochem.5b01141

Language

  • eng