Presenting symptoms of anterior urethral stricture disease: a disease specific, patient reported questionnaire to measure outcomes.
PURPOSE: We evaluated the spectrum of symptoms in men with urethral stricture presenting for urethroplasty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We identified 214 men who underwent anterior urethroplasty by a single surgeon (CMG) from March 2001 to June 2010. We retrospectively reviewed the initial patient history. All voiding and sexual dysfunction symptoms were recorded. RESULTS: The most common presenting voiding complaints were weak stream in 49% of cases and incomplete emptying in 27%. Overall 21% of men did not present with voiding symptoms specifically addressed by the American Urological Association symptom index. The most common of these symptoms were spraying of urinary stream in 13% of men and dysuria in 10%. No symptoms were reported in 10% of men. Men with lichen sclerosus were more likely to present with obstructive symptoms (76% vs 55%) while men with penile urethral stricture were more likely to present with urinary stream spraying (17% vs 6%, each p <0.05). Sexual dysfunction was reported by 11% of men, most commonly in those with failed hypospadias repair (23% vs 9%) and lichen sclerosus (24% vs 10%, each p <0.05). CONCLUSIONS: While the American Urological Association symptom index captures the most common voiding complaints of men with urethral stricture, 21% of those who presented for urethroplasty did not have voiding symptoms assessed by the index. A validated, disease specific instrument is needed to fully capture the presenting voiding symptoms and sexual dysfunction complaints of men with urethral stricture disease.
Nuss, GR; Granieri, MA; Zhao, LC; Thum, DJ; Gonzalez, CM
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