Stricture recurrence after urethroplasty: a systematic review.


Journal Article (Review)

PURPOSE: Urethroplasty remains the gold standard for the management of urethral stricture disease with acceptable long-term success. However, the standard by which stricture recurrence is defined and evaluated after urethral reconstruction remains widely variable. We conducted a systematic review of the urological literature to determine how stricture recurrence is defined and evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review was conducted on all contemporary urethroplasty articles published between 2000 and 2008. Using the term "urethroplasty" 302 articles were identified and evaluated. A total of 86 articles were included in the analysis. RESULTS: The overall recurrence rate for all reconstructive procedures was 15.6%, which remained stable between 2000 and 2008. Stricture recurrence was determined by a mean of 3 (range 1 to 8) different diagnostic tests. The most common primary diagnostic tests for recurrence were uroflowmetry (56% of articles) and retrograde urethrography (51%). Cystourethroscopy was used as a primary screen to identify stricture recurrence in 25% of articles, and as a secondary procedure in another 21%. Recurrence was defined as the need for an additional surgical procedure or dilation in 75% and 52% of articles, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The methods used to determine stricture recurrence after urethroplasty remain widely variable. The use of a standardized surveillance protocol to define stricture recurrence after urethral reconstruction may allow more effective comparison of urethroplasty outcomes across institutions.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Meeks, JJ; Erickson, BA; Granieri, MA; Gonzalez, CM

Published Date

  • October 2009

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 182 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 1266 - 1270

PubMed ID

  • 19683309

Pubmed Central ID

  • 19683309

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1527-3792

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.juro.2009.06.027


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States