Synthesis and characterization of polypyrrole-hyaluronic acid composite biomaterials for tissue engineering applications.
New tissue engineering technologies will rely on biomaterials that physically support tissue growth and stimulate specific cell functions. The goal of this study was to create a biomaterial that combines inherent biological properties which can specifically trigger desired cellular responses (e.g., angiogenesis) with electrical properties which have been shown to improve the regeneration of several tissues including bone and nerve. To this end, composites of the biologically active polysaccharide hyaluronic acid (HA) and the electrically conducting polymer polypyrrole (PP) were synthesized and characterized. Electrical conductivity of the composite biomaterial (PP/HA) was measured by a four-point probe technique, scanning electron microscopy was used to characterize surface topography, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and reflectance infrared spectroscopy were used to evaluate surface and bulk chemistry, and an assay with biotinylated hyaluronic acid binding protein was used to determine surface HA content. PP/HA materials were also evaluated for in vitro cell compatibility and tissue response in rats. Smooth, conductive, HA-containing PP films were produced; these films retained HA on their surfaces for several days in vitro and promoted vascularization in vivo. PP/HA composite biomaterials are promising candidates for tissue engineering and wound-healing applications that may benefit from both electrical stimulation and enhanced vascularization.
Collier, JH; Camp, JP; Hudson, TW; Schmidt, CE
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