History of AIDS in HIV-Infected Patients Is Associated With Higher In-Hospital Mortality Following Admission for Acute Myocardial Infarction and Stroke.

Published

Journal Article

Although human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected persons are at increased risk for major cardiovascular events, short-term prognosis after these events is unclear.To determine the association between HIV infection and acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and stroke outcomes, we analyzed hospital discharge data from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) between 2002 and 2012. Multivariable logistic regression was used to evaluate the association between HIV infection and in-hospital death after AMI or stroke.Overall, 18 369 785 AMI/stroke hospitalizations were included in the analysis. Patients with a history of AIDS were significantly more likely than uninfected patients to die during hospitalization after admission for AMI or stroke (odds ratio, 3.03 [95% confidence interval {CI}, 1.71-5.38] for AMI and 2.59 [95% CI, 1.97-3.41] for stroke). Additionally, patients with AIDS were more likely than HIV-uninfected patients to be discharged to nonhospital inpatient facilities after admission for AMI (OR, 3.14 [95% CI, 1.72-5.74]) or stroke (OR, 1.45; 95% CI, 1.12-1.87). There was a minimal difference in either outcome between HIV-infected patients without a history of AIDS and uninfected patients.Patients with a history of AIDS were significantly more likely than uninfected patients to die during hospitalization after admission for AMI or stroke. This disparity was not observed when infected patients without a history of AIDS were compared to uninfected patients, implying that preserving immune function may improve cardiovascular outcomes in HIV-infected persons.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Okeke, NL; Hicks, CB; McKellar, MS; Fowler, VG; Federspiel, JJ

Published Date

  • June 2016

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 213 / 12

Start / End Page

  • 1955 - 1961

PubMed ID

  • 26941281

Pubmed Central ID

  • 26941281

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1537-6613

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0022-1899

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1093/infdis/jiw082

Language

  • eng