Dichotomous Relationship Between Age and 30-Day Death or Rehospitalization in Heart Failure Patients Admitted With Acute Decompensated Heart Failure: Results From the ASCEND-HF Trial.
BACKGROUND: Younger age as an independent predictor of death or all-cause rehospitalization at 30 days post-randomization for hospitalized heart failure (HF) patients has not been well described. METHODS AND RESULTS: ASCEND-HF enrolled 7141 hospitalized acute HF patients (categorized by age: <45, 45 to <55, 55 to <65, 65 to <75, and ≥75 years) and followed them for 30 days to assess clinical outcomes, which included death or rehospitalization. Patients 45 to <55 years had the lowest percentages of death (1.4%) and total rehospitalizations (10.7%); percentages increased for younger (3.0% and 12.2%, respectively, for age <45 y) and older (5.8% and 12.5%, respectively, for age ≥75 y) patients. For those rehospitalized, the total HF-induced readmissions were highest in the youngest (68%) and declined with increasing age (P = .03). Although patients ≥55 years of age were more likely to die or be rehospitalized within 30 days of randomization for each additional 10 years of life, those <55 years of age had a significant reduction in death or HF rehospitalization for each 10-year increase in age (similar findings for death and HF rehospitalization). CONCLUSIONS: There is a dichotomous relationship between age and risk of death or rehospitalization, and death or HF rehospitalization-risk decreases as age increases up to age 55 years, then increases after age 55 years.
Whellan, DJ; Stebbins, A; Hernandez, AF; Ezekowitz, JA; McMurray, JJV; Mather, PJ; Hasselblad, V; O'Connor, CM
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