Integrative analyses reveal signaling pathways underlying familial breast cancer susceptibility.

Published online

Journal Article

The signaling events that drive familial breast cancer (FBC) risk remain poorly understood. While the majority of genomic studies have focused on genetic risk variants, known risk variants account for at most 30% of FBC cases. Considering that multiple genes may influence FBC risk, we hypothesized that a pathway-based strategy examining different data types from multiple tissues could elucidate the biological basis for FBC. In this study, we performed integrated analyses of gene expression and exome-sequencing data from peripheral blood mononuclear cells and showed that cell adhesion pathways are significantly and consistently dysregulated in women who develop FBC. The dysregulation of cell adhesion pathways in high-risk women was also identified by pathway-based profiling applied to normal breast tissue data from two independent cohorts. The results of our genomic analyses were validated in normal primary mammary epithelial cells from high-risk and control women, using cell-based functional assays, drug-response assays, fluorescence microscopy, and Western blotting assays. Both genomic and cell-based experiments indicate that cell-cell and cell-extracellular matrix adhesion processes seem to be disrupted in non-malignant cells of women at high risk for FBC and suggest a potential role for these processes in FBC development.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Piccolo, SR; Hoffman, LM; Conner, T; Shrestha, G; Cohen, AL; Marks, JR; Neumayer, LA; Agarwal, CA; Beckerle, MC; Andrulis, IL; Spira, AE; Moos, PJ; Buys, SS; Johnson, WE; Bild, AH

Published Date

  • March 10, 2016

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 12 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 860 -

PubMed ID

  • 26969729

Pubmed Central ID

  • 26969729

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1744-4292

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.15252/msb.20156506

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • England