Colonoscopic injection for murine solid cecal cancer model.


Journal Article

The validity of current animal colon cancer models is questionable. This study was performed to evaluate whether colonoscopic injection of a murine colon cancer cell line into the cecal wall of immunocompetent rats leads to a solid tumor.A bolus of bowel prep was given to BD-IX rats. Anesthesia was injected intraperitoneally. Video fiberscope allowed for irrigation and suction. Failure was inability to reach/inject cecum. Procedure was performed by four surgeons; 100 μl of colon tumor cell suspension (DHD/K12TRb; 10 million cells in 0.1 ml) was injected into cecal wall with 23-gauge needle placed on 3 mm wire resulting in a blister. Rats were allowed to recover. Solid tumor growth was measured at scheduled necropsy at 4 weeks. Sample size (107 rats: type I error 0.05; power 80%) was based on a pilot study. Data were presented as median (range).A total of 107 male BD-IX retired breeders weighing 356 g (range 256-432 g) underwent colonoscopy with submucosal injection of cecal wall. A single solid cecal cancer was identified in 98 (91.5%) rats at scheduled necropsy. Histology confirmed adenocarcinoma with tumor size of 4 mm (range 2.6-8.4 mm). Peritoneal carcinomatosis was found in ten (9.3%) rats. Distant metastases were found in three (2.8%) rats. Complications occurred in four (3.8%) rats: two aspirations and two colon perforations.A solid cecal tumor without carcinomatosis or metastasis has been developed by colonoscopic injection of a rat colon cancer cell line in 79% of immunocompetent rats.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Karas, JR; Essani, R; Haughn, C; Uchal, M; Bishawi, MM; Bergamaschi, R

Published Date

  • September 2011

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 25 / 9

Start / End Page

  • 2956 - 2959

PubMed ID

  • 21512885

Pubmed Central ID

  • 21512885

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1432-2218

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0930-2794

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/s00464-011-1651-z


  • eng