Pharmacogenetic assessment of clinical outcome in patients with metastatic breast cancer treated with docetaxel plus capecitabine
Docetaxel plus capecitabine, a commonly used chemotherapeutic regimen for metastatic breast cancer (MBC), is highly variable in its effectiveness. We aimed to investigate whether allelic variants of cytochrome P450 (CYP450) affected objective response, progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS) in MBC. 79 SNPs in CYP450, whose minor allele frequency were a parts per thousand yen10%, were genotyped in 69 MBC patients who were treated with docetaxel plus capecitabine. Pearson's chi(2) test or Fisher's exact test was used to investigate the influence of SNPs on objective response as appropriate. Log-rank test was used to assess the association between SNPs and survival outcomes. There is no significant association between polymorphisms and both objective response and OS. Only one SNP, CYP1A1 rs1048943 A > G (Ile462Val), was significantly associated with PFS (P = 0.0003). Multivariate analysis confirmed its prognostic significance for PFS (P = 0.004). CYP1A1 rs1048943 A > G (Ile462Val) polymorphism is a potential prognostic marker for survival outcome after docetaxel plus capecitabine chemotherapy in MBC patients. However, confirmatory study is needed to validate this finding.
Dong, NN; Yu, J; Wang, CY; Zheng, XH; Wang, Z; Di, LJ; Song, GH; Zhu, BD; Che, L; Jia, J; Jiang, HF; Zhou, XN; Wang, XL; Ren, J
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