Evidence for single top-quark production in the s-channel in proton–proton collisions at √s=8 TeV with the ATLAS detector using the Matrix Element Method
This Letter presents evidence for single top-quark production in the s-channel using proton–proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 8 TeV with the ATLAS detector at the CERN Large Hadron Collider. The analysis is performed on events containing one isolated electron or muon, large missing transverse momentum and exactly two b-tagged jets in the final state. The analysed data set corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 20.3 fb−1. The signal is extracted using a maximum-likelihood fit of a discriminant which is based on the matrix element method and optimized in order to separate single-top-quark s-channel events from the main background contributions, which are top-quark pair production and W boson production in association with heavy-flavour jets. The measurement leads to an observed signal significance of 3.2 standard deviations and a measured cross-section of σs=4.8±0.8(stat.)−1.3+1.6(syst.) pb, which is consistent with the Standard Model expectation. The expected significance for the analysis is 3.9 standard deviations.
Aad, G; Abbott, B; Abdallah, J; Abdinov, O; Aben, R; Abolins, M; AbouZeid, OS; Abramowicz, H; Abreu, H; Abreu, R; Abulaiti, Y; Acharya, BS; Adamczyk, L; Adams, DL; Adelman, J; Adomeit, S; Adye, T; Affolder, AA; Agatonovic-Jovin, T; Agricola, J; Aguilar-Saavedra, JA; Ahlen, SP; Ahmadov, F; Aielli, G; Akerstedt, H; Åkesson, TPA; Akimov, AV; Alberghi, GL; Albert, J; Albrand, S; Alconada Verzini, MJ; Aleksa, M; Aleksandrov, IN; Alexa, C; Alexander, G; Alexopoulos, T; Alhroob, M; Alimonti, G; Alio, L; Alison, J; Alkire, SP; Allbrooke, BMM; Allport, PP; Aloisio, A; Alonso, A; Alonso, F; Alpigiani, C; Altheimer, A; Alvarez Gonzalez, B; Álvarez Piqueras, D; Alviggi, MG; Amadio, BT; Amako, K; Amaral Coutinho, Y; Amelung, C; Amidei, D; Amor Dos Santos, SP; Amorim, A; Amoroso, S; Amram, N; Amundsen, G; Anastopoulos, C; Ancu, LS; Andari, N; Andeen, T; Anders, CF; Anders, G; Anders, JK; Anderson, KJ; Andreazza, A; Andrei, V; Angelidakis, S; Angelozzi, I; Anger, P; Angerami, A; Anghinolfi, F; Anisenkov, AV; Anjos, N; Annovi, A; Antonelli, M; Antonov, A; Antos, J; Anulli, F; Aoki, M; Aperio Bella, L; Arabidze, G; Arai, Y; Araque, JP; Arce, ATH; Arduh, FA; Arguin, JF; Argyropoulos, S; Arik, M; Armbruster, AJ; Arnaez, O; Arnold, H; Arratia, M; Arslan, O; Artamonov, A; Artoni, G
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