Modeling the effects of positive and negative feedback in kidney blood flow control.

Journal Article

Blood flow in the mammalian kidney is tightly autoregulated. One of the important autoregulation mechanisms is the myogenic response, which is activated by perturbations in blood pressure along the afferent arteriole. Another is the tubuloglomerular feedback, which is a negative feedback that responds to variations in tubular fluid [Cl(-)] at the macula densa.(1) When initiated, both the myogenic response and the tubuloglomerular feedback adjust the afferent arteriole muscle tone. A third mechanism is the connecting tubule glomerular feedback, which is a positive feedback mechanism located at the connecting tubule, downstream of the macula densa. The connecting tubule glomerular feedback is much less well studied. The goal of this study is to investigate the interactions among these feedback mechanisms and to better understand the effects of their interactions. To that end, we have developed a mathematical model of solute transport and blood flow control in the rat kidney. The model represents the myogenic response, tubuloglomerular feedback, and connecting tubule glomerular feedback. By conducting a bifurcation analysis, we studied the stability of the system under a range of physiologically-relevant parameters. The bifurcation results were confirmed by means of a comparison with numerical simulations. Additionally, we conducted numerical simulations to test the hypothesis that the interactions between the tubuloglomerular feedback and the connecting tubule glomerular feedback may give rise to a yet-to-be-explained low-frequency oscillation that has been observed in experimental records.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Liu, R; Layton, AT

Published Date

  • June 2016

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 276 /

Start / End Page

  • 8 - 18

PubMed ID

  • 26972744

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1879-3134

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0025-5564

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.mbs.2016.02.007

Language

  • eng