A perspective on immunomodulation and tissue repair.
An immune response involves the action of all types of macrophages, classically activated subtype (M1) in the early inflammatory phase and regulatory and wound-healing subtypes (M2) in the resolution phase. The remarkable plasticity of macrophages makes them an interesting target in the context of immunomodulation. Here, we reviewed the current state of understanding regarding the role that different phenotypes of macrophages and monocytes play following injury and during the course of remodeling in different tissue types. Moreover, we explored recent designs of macrophage modulatory biomaterials for tissue engineering and regenerative medicine applications.
Mokarram, N; Bellamkonda, RV
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