Does Routine Posttreatment PET/CT Add Value to the Care of Women With Locally Advanced Cervical Cancer?

Journal Article (Journal Article)

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the necessary reduction in recurrence rate that would make postchemoradiation positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) to direct completion hysterectomy for locally advanced cervical cancer (LACC) cost-effective. METHODS: A decision model evaluated costs and recurrence rates of 2 posttreatment surveillance strategies in LACC: (1) routine surveillance without PET/CT and (2) PET/CT after 3 months to triage to completion hysterectomy. Incremental cost-effectiveness ratios were expressed in dollars per additional cancer recurrence avoided. Model parameters included expected rates of recurrence using each strategy, true- and false-positive rates of posttreatment PET/CT, and major complications of completion hysterectomy. From published data, we modeled an LACC baseline recurrence rate of 32%, PET/CT false-positive rate of 33%, and false-negative rate of 19%. We assumed that PET/CT revealed persistent local cervical cancer in 16% and progressive or distant disease in 6%. Costs of PET/CT, hysterectomy, and treatment for recurrence were based on Medicare reimbursements. A 50% salvage rate with hysterectomy was assumed and varied in sensitivity analysis. RESULTS: Routine use of PET/CT to direct completion hysterectomy was associated with a higher average cost ($16,579 vs $15,450) and a lower recurrence rate (26% vs 32%). The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of PET was $20,761 per recurrence prevented. When the probability of recurrence after hysterectomy dropped to 25% or less, PET/CT was a dominant strategy. CONCLUSIONS: Routine use of PET/CT to determine which patients may benefit from a completion hysterectomy after chemoradiation for LACC has the potential to be highly cost-effective.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Phippen, NT; Havrilesky, LJ; Barnett, JC; Hamilton, CA; Stany, MP; Lowery, WJ

Published Date

  • June 2016

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 26 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 944 - 950

PubMed ID

  • 27051057

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1525-1438

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1097/IGC.0000000000000705


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England