Optimal composition of europium gallium oxide thin films for device applications
Europium gallium oxide (Eux Ga1-x) 2 O3 thin films were deposited on sapphire substrates by pulsed laser deposition with varying Eu content from x=2.4 to 20 mol %. The optical and physical effects of high europium concentration on these thin films were studied using photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy, x-ray diffraction (XRD), and Rutherford backscattering spectrometry. PL spectra demonstrate that emission due to the D5 0 to F7 J transitions in Eu3+ grows linearly with Eu content up to 10 mol %. Time-resolved PL indicates decay parameters remain similar for films with up to 10 mol % Eu. At 20 mol %, however, PL intensity decreases substantially and PL decay accelerates, indicative of parasitic energy transfer processes. XRD shows films to be polycrystalline and beta-phase for low Eu compositions. Increasing Eu content beyond 5 mol % does not continue to modify the film structure and thus, changes in PL spectra and decay cannot be attributed to structural changes in the host. These data indicate the optimal doping for optoelectronic devices based on (Eux Ga1-x) 2 O3 thin films is between 5 and 10 mol %. © 2010 American Institute of Physics.
Wellenius, P; Smith, ER; Leboeuf, SM; Everitt, HO; Muth, JF
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