Comparative analysis of photosynthetic characteristics and productivity in F2 hybrids of winter rye
Diversity of photosynthetic characteristics determined by plant genotypes provides the grounds for the increase in potential crop productivity by means of producing plant forms whose photosynthetic apparatus (PSA) has optimal size and functional efficiency. Parental forms of winter rye (Secale cereale L.) and their interline and intravarietal reciprocal F2 hybrids were compared in terms of photosynthetic pigment (PSP) content, characteristics of chlorophyll a (Chl) fluorescence, some morphological traits, and grain productivity. At the booting and anthesis stages, significant divergence in chlorophyllous pigment content and Chl a fluorescence parameters was observed for winter rye inbred lines, rye varieties, and hybrids. The hybrids were revealed whose elevated grain productivity correlated with high PSP content and the highest photosystem II (PSII) activity. Analysis of correlations in reciprocal F2 hybrids at booting and anthesis stages of rye development showed that accumulation of PSII is related to stem-forming capacity and to the flag leaf surface area. In reciprocal hybrids, the correlations between morphological traits, grain productivity, plastid pigments, and photochemical activity were subject to variations. The relationships between PSA parameters and grain productivity in winter rye F2 hybrids varied depending on the developmental stage as well as on crossing combination; this relation was largely determined by the choice of pairs for hybridization, by direction of crosses, and by genetic features of parental forms. © 2008 MAIK Nauka.
Shimko, VE; Kulminskaya, IV; Kalitukho, LN; Gordei, IA
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