Finite-temperature effects on interacting bosonic one-dimensional systems in disordered lattices
We analyze the finite-temperature effects on the phase diagram describing the insulating properties of interacting one-dimensional bosons in a quasiperiodic lattice. We examine thermal effects by comparing experimental results to exact diagonalization for small-sized systems and to density-matrix renormalization group (DMRG) computations. At weak interactions, we find short thermal correlation lengths, indicating a substantial impact of temperature on the system coherence. Conversely, at strong interactions, the obtained thermal correlation lengths are significantly larger than the localization length, and the quantum nature of the T=0 Bose-glass phase is preserved up to a crossover temperature that depends on the disorder strength. Furthermore, in the absence of disorder, we show how quasiexact finite-T DMRG computations, compared to experimental results, can be employed to estimate the temperature, which is not directly accessible in the experiment.
Gori, L; Barthel, T; Kumar, A; Lucioni, E; Tanzi, L; Inguscio, M; Modugno, G; Giamarchi, T; D'Errico, C; Roux, G
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