Fibroblast growth factor 21 mediates specific glucagon actions.

Journal Article

Glucagon, an essential regulator of glucose homeostasis, also modulates lipid metabolism and promotes weight loss, as reflected by the wasting observed in glucagonoma patients. Recently, coagonist peptides that include glucagon agonism have emerged as promising therapeutic candidates for the treatment of obesity and diabetes. We developed a novel stable and soluble glucagon receptor (GcgR) agonist, which allowed for in vivo dissection of glucagon action. As expected, chronic GcgR agonism in mice resulted in hyperglycemia and lower body fat and plasma cholesterol. Notably, GcgR activation also raised hepatic expression and circulating levels of fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21). This effect was retained in isolated primary hepatocytes from wild-type (WT) mice, but not GcgR knockout mice. We confirmed this link in healthy human volunteers, where injection of natural glucagon increased plasma FGF21 within hours. Functional relevance was evidenced in mice with genetic deletion of FGF21, where GcgR activation failed to induce the body weight loss and lipid metabolism changes observed in WT mice. Taken together, these data reveal for the first time that glucagon controls glucose, energy, and lipid metabolism at least in part via FGF21-dependent pathways.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Habegger, KM; Stemmer, K; Cheng, C; Müller, TD; Heppner, KM; Ottaway, N; Holland, J; Hembree, JL; Smiley, D; Gelfanov, V; Krishna, R; Arafat, AM; Konkar, A; Belli, S; Kapps, M; Woods, SC; Hofmann, SM; D'Alessio, D; Pfluger, PT; Perez-Tilve, D; Seeley, RJ; Konishi, M; Itoh, N; Kharitonenkov, A; Spranger, J; DiMarchi, RD; Tschöp, MH

Published Date

  • May 2013

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 62 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 1453 - 1463

PubMed ID

  • 23305646

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1939-327X

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0012-1797

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.2337/db12-1116

Language

  • eng