Neomycin cannot be used as a selective inhibitor of inositol phospholipid hydrolysis in intact or semi-permeabilized human platelets. Aminoglycosides activate semi-permeabilized platelets
High concentrations of neomycin (2-10 mM) inhibited aggregation, but not shape change, of intact platelets by collagen, ADP and the Ca2+ ionophore, A23187, the last two studies being carried out in the presence of the cyclo-oxygenase inhibitor indomethacin. In contrast, over the same range of concentrations neomycin inhibited both aggregation and shape change induced by thrombin. Under these conditions activation of platelets by collagen and by thrombin, but not by A23187 or by ADP, is believed to be dependent on the hydrolysis of membrane inositol phospholipids. These data therefore suggest that the inhibitory action of neomycin on intact platelets is not related to its previously reported inhibitory effect on phosphoinositide metabolism. The selective inhibition of thrombin-induced shape change indicates a second site of action of neomycin on intact platelets. On platelets rendered semi-permeable with saponin, neomycin and a second aminoglycoside antibiotic, streptomycin (each 0.06-2 mM), stimulated secretion and aggregation responses. These effects were inhibited by indomethacin and by EGTA. Activation of semi-permeabilized platelets by neomycin is associated with the formation of inositol phosphates and phosphatidic acid, indicating activation by phospholipase C. This effect is also inhibited by indomethacin, implying that it is secondary to the formation of prostaglandins and endoperoxides. These results are discussed in the context of the use of neomycin as a selective inhibitor of polyphosphoinositide metabolism.
Polascik, T; Godfrey, PP; Watson, SP
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