Frequency-diverse microwave imaging using planar Mills-Cross cavity apertures.


Journal Article

We demonstrate a frequency diverse, multistatic microwave imaging system based on a set of transmit and receive, radiating, planar cavity apertures. The cavities consist of double-sided, copper-clad circuit boards, with a series of circular radiating irises patterned into the upper conducting plate. The iris arrangement is such that for any given transmitting and receiving aperture pair, a Mills-Cross pattern is formed from the overlapped patterns. The Mills-Cross distribution provides optimum coverage of the imaging scene in the spatial Fourier domain (k-space). The Mills-Cross configuration of the apertures produces measurement modes that are diverse and consistent with the computational imaging approach used for frequency-diverse apertures, yet significantly minimizes the redundancy of information received from the scene. We present a detailed analysis of the Mills-Cross aperture design, with numerical simulations that predict the performance of the apertures as part of an imaging system. Images reconstructed using fabricated apertures are presented, confirming the anticipated performance.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Yurduseven, O; Gollub, JN; Marks, DL; Smith, DR

Published Date

  • April 2016

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 24 / 8

Start / End Page

  • 8907 - 8925

PubMed ID

  • 27137323

Pubmed Central ID

  • 27137323

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1094-4087

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1094-4087

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1364/oe.24.008907


  • eng