Diffusion tensor imaging studies in late-life depression: systematic review and meta-analysis.
OBJECTIVES: Late-life depression (LLD) is the association with more cerebrovascular susceptibilities and white matter damage that can be assessed with diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). To better understand the white matter pathological alterations in LLD, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, PubMed, and Google Scholar databases for DTI studies comparing patients with LLD and healthy controls. For each study, details regarding participants, imaging methods, and results were extracted. Fractional anisotropy, an index of white matter integrity, was the dependent variable for group comparison. Effect sizes indicating the degree of group difference were estimated by random-effects meta-analysis. RESULTS: A total of 15 eligible studies were included in the qualitative systematic review, nine of which were suitable for quantitative meta-analyses for the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC), corpus callosum, cingulum, and uncinate fasciculus (UF). Compared with the healthy control group, the LLD group showed lower fractional anisotropy in the DLPFC and UF with a large and a medium effect size, respectively, although heterogeneity and publication bias were found in the DLPFC. CONCLUSION: Diffusion tensor imaging studies of LLD consistently showed reduced anisotropy in the DLPFC and UF of patients with LLD. These damaged regions are located with the frontostriatal and limbic networks. Thus, our findings showed that the disruption of frontal and frontal-to-limbic white matter tracts contributes to the pathogenesis of LLD.
Wen, M-C; Steffens, DC; Chen, M-K; Zainal, NH
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