Cyberknife hypofractionated stereotactic radiosurgery (HSRS) of resection cavity after excision of large cerebral metastasis: efficacy and safety of an 800 cGy × 3 daily fractions regimen.
Development of hypofractionated stereotactic radiosurgery (HSRS) has expanded the size of lesion that can be safely treated by focused radiation in a limited number of treatment sessions. However, clinical data regarding the efficacy and morbidity of HSRS in the treatment of cerebral metastasis is lacking. Here, we review our experience with CyberKnife(®) HSRS for this indication. From 2005 to 2010, we identified 37 patients with large (>3 cm in diameter) cerebral metastases resection cavity that was treated with HSRS. This constituted approximately 8% of all treated resection cavities. We reviewed dose regimens, local control, distal control, and treatment associated morbidities. Primary sites for the metastatic lesions included: lung (n = 10), melanoma (n = 12), breast (n = 9), kidney (n = 4), and colon (n = 2). All patients underwent resection of the cerebral metastasis and received 800 cGy × 3 daily fractions to the resection cavity. Of the 37 patients treated, one-year follow-up data was available for 35 patients. The median survival was 5.5 months. Actuarial local control rate at 6 months was 80%. Local failures did not correlate with prior WBRT, or tumor histology. Distant recurrence occurred in 7 of the 35 patients. Morbidities associated with HSRS totaled 9%, including radiation necrosis (n = 1, 2.9%), prolonged steroid use (n = 1, 2.9%), and new-onset seizures (n = 1, 2.9%). This study demonstrates the safety and efficacy of an 800 cGy × 3 daily fractions CyberKnife(®) HSRS regimen for irradiation of large resection cavity. The efficacy compares favorably to historical data derived from patients undergoing WBRT, SRS, or brachytherapy.
Wang, C-C; Floyd, SR; Chang, C-H; Warnke, PC; Chio, C-C; Kasper, EM; Mahadevan, A; Wong, ET; Chen, CC
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