Chronic Recreational Physical Inactivity and Epithelial Ovarian Cancer Risk: Evidence from the Ovarian Cancer Association Consortium.

Published

Journal Article (Review)

BACKGROUND:Despite a large body of literature evaluating the association between recreational physical activity and epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) risk, the extant evidence is inconclusive, and little is known about the independent association between recreational physical inactivity and EOC risk. We conducted a pooled analysis of nine studies from the Ovarian Cancer Association Consortium to investigate the association between chronic recreational physical inactivity and EOC risk. METHODS:In accordance with the 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans, women reporting no regular, weekly recreational physical activity were classified as inactive. Multivariable logistic regression was utilized to estimate the ORs and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for the association between inactivity and EOC risk overall and by subgroups based upon histotype, menopausal status, race, and body mass index. RESULTS:The current analysis included data from 8,309 EOC patients and 12,612 controls. We observed a significant positive association between inactivity and EOC risk (OR = 1.34; 95% CI, 1.14-1.57), and similar associations were observed for each histotype. CONCLUSIONS:In this large pooled analysis examining the association between recreational physical inactivity and EOC risk, we observed consistent evidence of an association between chronic inactivity and all EOC histotypes. IMPACT:These data add to the growing body of evidence suggesting that inactivity is an independent risk factor for cancer. If the apparent association between inactivity and EOC risk is substantiated, additional work via targeted interventions should be pursued to characterize the dose of activity required to mitigate the risk of this highly fatal disease. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev; 25(7); 1114-24. ©2016 AACR.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Cannioto, R; LaMonte, MJ; Risch, HA; Hong, C-C; Sucheston-Campbell, LE; Eng, KH; Brian Szender, J; Chang-Claude, J; Schmalfeldt, B; Klapdor, R; Gower, E; Minlikeeva, AN; Zirpoli, GR; Bandera, EV; Berchuck, A; Cramer, D; Doherty, JA; Edwards, RP; Fridley, BL; Goode, EL; Goodman, MT; Hogdall, E; Hosono, S; Jensen, A; Jordan, S; Australian Ovarian Cancer Study Group, ; Kjaer, SK; Matsuo, K; Ness, RB; Olsen, CM; Olson, SH; Leigh Pearce, C; Pike, MC; Anne Rossing, M; Szamreta, EA; Thompson, PJ; Tseng, C-C; Vierkant, RA; Webb, PM; Wentzensen, N; Wicklund, KG; Winham, SJ; Wu, AH; Modugno, F; Schildkraut, JM; Terry, KL; Kelemen, LE; Moysich, KB

Published Date

  • July 2016

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 25 / 7

Start / End Page

  • 1114 - 1124

PubMed ID

  • 27197285

Pubmed Central ID

  • 27197285

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1538-7755

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1055-9965

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-15-1330

Language

  • eng