Do donor oocyte cycles comply with ASRM/SART embryo transfer guidelines? An analysis of 13,393 donor cycles from the SART registry.
OBJECTIVE: To analyze donor oocyte cycles in the Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology (SART) registry to determine: 1) how many cycles complied with the 2009 American Society for Reproductive Medicine/SART embryo transfer guidelines; and 2) cycle outcomes according to the number of embryos transferred. For donor oocyte IVF with donor age <35 years, the consideration of single-embryo transfer was strongly recommended. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of United States national registry information. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): A total of 13,393 donor-recipient cycles from 2011 to 2012. INTERVENTION(S): Embryos transferred in donor IVF cycles. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Percentage of compliant cycles, multiple pregnancy rate. RESULT(S): There were 3,157 donor cleavage-stage transfers and 10,236 donor blastocyst transfers. In the cleavage-stage cycles, 88% met compliance criteria. The multiple pregnancy rate (MPR) was significantly higher in the noncompliant cycles. In a subanalysis of compliant cleavage-stage cycles, 91% transferred two embryos and only 9% single embryos. In those patients transferring two embryos, the MPR was significantly higher (33% vs. 1%). In blastocyst transfers, only 28% of the cycles met compliance criteria. The MPR was significantly higher in the noncompliant blastocyst cohort at 53% (compared with 2% in compliant cycles). CONCLUSION(S): The majority of donor cleavage-stage transfers are compliant with current guidelines, but the transfer of two embryos results in a significantly higher MPR compared with single-embryo transfer. The majority of donor blastocyst cycles are noncompliant, which appears to be driving an unacceptably high MPR in these cycles.
Acharya, KS; Keyhan, S; Acharya, CR; Yeh, JS; Provost, MP; Goldfarb, JM; Muasher, SJ
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