Gene-environment interactions at the FKBP5 locus: sensitive periods, mechanisms and pleiotropism.


Journal Article (Review)

Psychiatric phenotypes are multifactorial and polygenic, resulting from the complex interplay of genes and environmental factors that act cumulatively throughout an organism's lifetime. Adverse life events are strong predictors of risk for a number of psychiatric disorders and a number of studies have focused on gene-environment interactions (GxEs) occurring at genetic loci involved in the stress response. Such a locus that has received increasing attention is the gene encoding FK506 binding protein 51 (FKBP5), a heat shock protein 90 cochaperone of the steroid receptor complex that among other functions regulates sensitivity of the glucocorticoid receptor. Interactions between FKBP5 gene variants and life stressors alter the risk not only for mood and anxiety disorders, but also for a number of other disease phenotypes. In this review, we will focus on molecular and system-wide mechanisms of this GxE with the aim of establishing a framework that explains GxE interactions. We will also discuss how an understanding of the biological effects of this GxE may lead to novel therapeutic approaches.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Zannas, AS; Binder, EB

Published Date

  • January 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 13 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 25 - 37

PubMed ID

  • 24219237

Pubmed Central ID

  • 24219237

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1601-183X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/gbb.12104


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England