Extra-cardiac manifestations of adult congenital heart disease.

Journal Article (Journal Article;Review)

Advancement in correction or palliation of congenital cardiac lesions has greatly improved the lifespan of congenital heart disease patients, resulting in a rapidly growing adult congenital heart disease (ACHD) population. As this group has increased in number and age, emerging science has highlighted the systemic nature of ACHD. Providers caring for these patients are tasked with long-term management of multiple neurologic, pulmonary, hepatic, renal, and endocrine manifestations that arise as syndromic associations with congenital heart defects or as sequelae of primary structural or hemodynamic abnormalities. In this review, we outline the current understanding and recent research into these extra-cardiac manifestations.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Gaeta, SA; Ward, C; Krasuski, RA

Published Date

  • October 2016

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 26 / 7

Start / End Page

  • 627 - 636

PubMed ID

  • 27234354

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1873-2615

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.tcm.2016.04.004


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States