Economic Outcomes With Anatomical Versus Functional Diagnostic Testing for Coronary Artery Disease.

Journal Article (Journal Article;Multicenter Study)

BACKGROUND: PROMISE (PROspective Multicenter Imaging Study for Evaluation of Chest Pain) found that initial use of at least 64-slice multidetector computed tomography angiography (CTA) versus functional diagnostic testing strategies did not improve clinical outcomes in stable symptomatic patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) requiring noninvasive testing. OBJECTIVE: To conduct an economic analysis for PROMISE (a major secondary aim of the study). DESIGN: Prospective economic study from the U.S. perspective. Comparisons were made according to the intention-to-treat principle, and CIs were calculated using bootstrap methods. ( NCT01174550). SETTING: 190 U.S. centers. PATIENTS: 9649 U.S. patients enrolled in PROMISE between July 2010 and September 2013. Median follow-up was 25 months. MEASUREMENTS: Technical costs of the initial (outpatient) testing strategy were estimated from Premier Research Database data. Hospital-based costs were estimated using hospital bills and Medicare cost-charge ratios. Physician fees were taken from the Medicare Physician Fee Schedule. Costs were expressed in 2014 U.S. dollars, discounted at 3% annually, and estimated out to 3 years using inverse probability weighting methods. RESULTS: The mean initial testing costs were $174 for exercise electrocardiography; $404 for CTA; $501 to $514 for pharmacologic and exercise stress echocardiography, respectively; and $946 to $1132 for exercise and pharmacologic stress nuclear testing, respectively. Mean costs at 90 days were $2494 for the CTA strategy versus $2240 for the functional strategy (mean difference, $254 [95% CI, -$634 to $906]). The difference was associated with more revascularizations and catheterizations (4.25 per 100 patients) with CTA use. After 90 days, the mean cost difference between the groups out to 3 years remained small. LIMITATION: Cost weights for test strategies were obtained from sources outside PROMISE. CONCLUSION: Computed tomography angiography and functional diagnostic testing strategies in patients with suspected CAD have similar costs through 3 years of follow-up. PRIMARY FUNDING SOURCE: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Mark, DB; Federspiel, JJ; Cowper, PA; Anstrom, KJ; Hoffmann, U; Patel, MR; Davidson-Ray, L; Daniels, MR; Cooper, LS; Knight, JD; Lee, KL; Douglas, PS; PROMISE Investigators,

Published Date

  • July 19, 2016

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 165 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 94 - 102

PubMed ID

  • 27214597

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC5046832

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1539-3704

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.7326/M15-2639


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States