Maximum-Intensity-Projection and Computer-Aided-Detection Algorithms as Stand-Alone Reader Devices in Lung Cancer Screening Using Different Dose Levels and Reconstruction Kernels.
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to evaluate lung nodule detection rates on standard and microdose chest CT with two different computer-aided detection systems (SyngoCT-CAD, VA 20, Siemens Healthcare [CAD1]; Lung CAD, IntelliSpace Portal DX Server, Philips Healthcare [CAD2]) as well as maximum-intensity-projection (MIP) images. We also assessed the impact of different reconstruction kernels. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Standard and microdose CT using three reconstruction kernels (i30, i50, i70) was performed with an anthropomorphic chest phantom. We placed 133 ground-glass and 133 solid nodules (diameters of 5 mm, 8 mm, 10 mm, and 12 mm) in 55 phantoms. Four blinded readers evaluated the MIP images; one recorded the results of CAD1 and CAD2. Sensitivities for CAD and MIP nodule detection on standard dose and microdose CT were calculated for each reconstruction kernel. RESULTS: Dose for microdose CT was significantly less than that for standard-dose CT (0.1323 mSv vs 1.65 mSv; p < 0.0001). CAD1 delivered superior results compared with CAD2 for standard-dose and microdose CT (p < 0.0001). At microdose level, the best stand-alone sensitivity (97.6%) was comparable with CAD1 sensitivity (96.0%; p = 0.36; both with i30 reconstruction kernel). Pooled sensitivities for all nodules, doses, and reconstruction kernels on CAD1 ranged from 88.9% to 97.3% versus 49.6% to 73.9% for CAD2. The best sensitivity was achieved with standard-dose CT, i50 kernel, and CAD1 (97.3%) versus 96% with microdose CT, i30 or i50 kernel, and CAD1. MIP images and CAD1 had similar performance at both dose levels (p = 0.1313 and p = 0.48). CONCLUSION: Submillisievert CT is feasible for detecting solid and ground-glass nodules that require soft-tissue kernels for MIP and CAD systems to achieve acceptable sensitivities. MIP reconstructions remain a valuable adjunct to the interpretation of chest CT for increasing sensitivity and have the advantage of significantly lower false-positive rates.
Ebner, L; Roos, JE; Christensen, JD; Dobrocky, T; Leidolt, L; Brela, B; Obmann, VC; Joy, S; Huber, A; Christe, A
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