Current strategies for nonsurgical, arthroscopic, and minimally invasive surgical treatment of knee cartilage pathology.
The current approaches to treating articular cartilage defects in the knee comprise a spectrum from pharmacologic therapies to total knee arthroplasty. Nonsurgical treatment can include anti-inflammatory medications, bracing, and physical therapy. Surgical treatments include reconstructive repair of a small or large defect using microfracture, osteochondral autograft transplantation, autologous chrondrocyte transplantation, or osteochondral allograft transplantation; realignment procedures including osteotomies; and unicompartmental arthroplasty. A comprehensive algorithm can be used to determine the appropriate treatment for knee defects.
Sgaglione, NA; Chen, E; Bert, JM; Amendola, A; Bugbee, WD
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