Arthroscopic approaches to the ankle joint
© 2014 Published by Elsevier Inc. This chapter reviews anterior and posterior arthroscopic approaches to the ankle and subtalar joints. The specific anatomy relevant to arthroscopy is reviewed including the major tendon, vascular, nerve and ligament structures along with the bony anatomy of the joints. A step by step discussion of portal placement, portal establishment, and diagnostic arthroscopy of the joints is presented, first for anterior approaches and then for posterior approaches.
Martin, KD; Stone, JW; Amendola, A
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