Strong, Machinable Carbon Aerogels for High Performance Supercapacitors


Journal Article

© 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim Designing macroscopic, 3D porous conductive materials with high mechanical strength is of great importance in many fields, including energy storage, catalysis, etc. This study reports a novel approach to fabricate polyaniline-coated 3D carbon x-aerogels, a special type of aerogels with mechanically strong, highly cross-linked structure that allows the originally brittle aerogels machinable. This approach is accomplished by introducing a small amount of graphene into the sol–gel process of resorcinol and formaldehyde, followed by physical activation and subsequent cross-linking with polyaniline via electropolymerization. The resulting x-aerogels are not only porous and conductive, but also mechanically robust with high compressibility and fast recovery. The strong combination of these properties makes the x-aerogels promising for high performance supercapacitors that are designed to provide additional functionality for wearable and portable electronics. Such multi-functionality leads to a significant increase in electrochemical performance, in particular high volumetric capacitance, which results from the more densely packed electroactive structure in three dimensions. More importantly, monoliths of carbon x-aerogels are machinable into thin slices without losing their properties, thus enabling effective integration into devices with different sizes and shapes.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Kim, CHJ; Zhao, D; Lee, G; Liu, J

Published Date

  • July 19, 2016

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 26 / 27

Start / End Page

  • 4976 - 4983

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1616-3028

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1616-301X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/adfm.201601010

Citation Source

  • Scopus